Welcome to Ekte Skin Care Acne Treatment Center!
Here we are going to help you learn more about your acne, discover its causes, how to treat it, and how to prevent it. Also, we will be introducing you to Ekte Acne Treatment Programs and products that are personalized and available for you!
We recommend bi-monthly acne treatments for 4-6 months, with a customized home care program to effectively treat and maintain healthy looking skin.
Acne is the most frequent skin condition in the United States. It is characterized by pimples that appear on the face, back, and chest. Every year, about 80% of adolescents have some form of acne and about 5% of adults experience acne.
In normal skin, oil glands under the skin, known as sebaceous glands, produce an oily substance called sebum. The sebum moves from the bottom to the top of each hair follicle and then spills out onto the surface of the skin, taking with it sloughed-off skin cells. With acne, the structure through which the sebum flows gets plugged up. This blockage traps sebum and sloughed-off cells below the skin, preventing them from being released onto the skin’s surface. If the pore’s opening is fully blocked, this produces a whitehead. If the pore’s opening is open, this produces blackheads. When either a whitehead or blackhead becomes inflammed, they can become red pustules or papules.
It is important for patients not to pick or scratch at individual lesions because it can make them inflamed and can lead to long-term scarring. Acne Treatment may seem like a complex and intimidating topic, but it doesn’t have to be.
WHAT IS ACNE?
Acne is a common skin disease that can occur on many areas of the body and can develop at any age. Face acne is very common, but chest acne and back acne, as well as acne on the scalp, neck, shoulders, and upper arms is also ordinary. Likewise, although teen acne is common, acne can occur at any age.
Acne occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. Acne lesions are commonly referred to as pimples. Excessive secretion of oils from the glands combines with naturally occurring bacteria and dead skin cells to block the hair follicles. Oil secretions build up beneath the blocked pore, providing a perfect environment for the skin bacteria to form the pimple.
Healthy, acne-free skin is clear and smooth on the exterior, with few imperfections. Underneath the surface, healthy skin has clear pores and is relatively bacteria-free. Here is an illustration of a normal follicle that one would expect from healthy skin:
Sometimes, however, the excessive secretion of oils from the sebaceous glands blocks the hair follicles and oil builds up beneath the blocked pore, causing a microcomedone to form. Skin cells become sticky and get clogged in the pore, dead skin cells are shed at the top of the pore, and sebum production is increased. These factors combine and result in the formation of an acne lesion.
Microcomedones quickly develop into comedones. Comedones are oil producing follicles that get filled with dirt, oil, tiny hairs, dead skin cells, and bacteria.
TYPES OF ACNE
Acne does not merely mean pimples or zits. Acne comes in many, many forms, ranging from simple whiteheads and blackheads, to much more severe cases.
The most common form of acne is Acne Vulgaris, which comes in three forms:
1. Non- Inflammatory Acne
- Very mild Acne Vulgaris
- Includes appearance of blackheads and whiteheads
When the comedone is open or larger, sebum oxidizes and turns black. This results in the appearance of blackheads, which are very small, long-lasting black blemishes on the skin that cannot be washed away.
When the comedone is closed or very narrow, trapped sebum and bacteria remain below the skin, which results in infection under the skin. This leads to inflammation, redness, irritation, and ultimately results in the appearance of a whitehead. Whiteheads are typically very tiny white dots, sometimes invisible to the naked eye.
2. Inflammatory Acne
- Moderate form of Acne Vulgaris
- Includes appearence of Papules, Pustules, and Macules
Papules are small bumps that appear on your skin and have a rough texture. Papules typically appear on the face, but may appear on other parts of the body. Papules occur when the wall of a hair follicle break and cave in – the visible inflammation is due to white blood cells rushing in.
Pustules are simply the medical term for pimples or zits. They are visible several days after papules have formed, when the white blood cells rise to the surface of the skin. Like cystic acne, pustules can be large and painful. Proper care should be taken to allow the pustule to heal properly.
As acne begins to heal, it will form a red spot on the face with a well defined shape. This is called macule. Macules are not an uncommon site during the healing process, but it will look as if your skin is puffy and inflamed. Macule’s are temporary and will disappear by themselves over a few days or even weeks. Picking the macules will also lead to acne scarring and even a new flair up of acne. This should be avoided as well.
- Severe form of Acne Vulgaris
- Includes appearence of Cysts and Nodules
- Often leads to Deep Acne Scarring
Cystic acne, sometimes called nodulocystic acne, is a severe form of inflammatory acne that is often extremely painful. Although cystic acne is rarer than non-inflammatory acne or moderate inflammatory acne like papules and pustules, it is still quite common.
Cystic acne forms below the skins surface. A build up of white blood cells, oils and fluids begin to build up causing the appearance of cysts, or pus filled regions, called cysts. These cysts do not just occur on the face, but can also appear on the chest, back shoulders, and arms.
Sometimes the bottom of a follicle will break off, which causes the follicle to completely collapse – this produces a large, sore bump on the surface of the skin called a nodule.
Nodules extend into deep layers of the skin, a fact which means that oftentimes nodules never fully recover, leaving behind unsightly scars. Proper treatment early on in the development of nodules can help to minimize this.
Hormones Trigger Acne
It is well known that acne is oftentimes associated with the teenage years. Why is this? Puberty triggers significant chemical activity that can play with one’s hormonal balance, causing the appearance of acne and other skin blemishes. Hormonal activity doesn’t just cause acne for teens: women who are pregnant or experiencing menopause also experience hormonal imbalance that frequently causes acne.
Family History and Genetics Cause Acne
Acne tends to run in the family. If your parents had acne when they were children, or if they experience adult acne, your chances of experiencing the same problems is significantly increased.
Stress Causes Acne
Believe it or not, but a stressful life decreases your chances of having clear, blemish-free skin. Stress can trigger an increased release of hormones from your adrenal glands, which can cause acne to form. Many medical studies have been performed, and a clear correlation has been found between increased stress and acne flare-ups.
One of the most heavily researched and widely debated topics regarding acne is the role that stress plays in the formation of acne. We are here to set the record straight and illuminate the link between stress and acne.
Many scientific researches have been able to find a direct link between adult acne and stress. When your body is stressed, there is a hormone fluctuation that causes an increase in the amount of oil your skin secretes, which can cause acne to form or worsen. In addition to causing acne, these fluctuations can also affect weight, blood pressure, and other physical attributes.
How can I tell if my Acne is Stressed-Induced?
Stress-Induced acne looks no different than other forms of acne. The only way to truly tell whether your acne was caused by stress is to keep track of acne breakouts. Was your last acne breakout around the time you had a big project or meeting at work? High school reunion? Big test in school? If you can find a pattern between stressful events and acne breakouts, you are likely susceptible to stress-induced acne.
How do I stop Stress-Induced Acne?
Stress-induced acne can be controlled by using a proper, personalized acne skin care regimen, and by reducing stress. Pick out a skin care regimen that is suitable for your skin type (or preferably, see one of our beauty consultants to customize a program for you) and follow it closely. This will help keep your skin in pristine condition so that when stress comes rolling around, breakouts are kept to a minimum. Lastly, try to reduce the stress in your life by using stress management techniques and trying to remain calm under pressure.
Other Causes of Acne
Acne is also triggered by bringing bad or harmful things into one’s body. Exposure to certain chemical compounds, such as chloracne or certain halogens, can trigger the formation of acne. Moreover, amphetamines, similar drugs, as well as anabolic steroids, are all well known to cause acne. In general, if something isn’t good for your body, it’s not going to be good for your skin.
ACNE AND YOUR DIET
Does What You Eat Affect the Way You Look?
One of the biggest skin care myths is that fried foods and chocolate cause acne. You’ve heard it before and maybe you believe it because when you eat a lot of junk foods, you may see the results show up on your skin in the form of pimples. While it is still a myth and there is no research that shows these foods directly cause acne, it is factual that eating nutritiously has a positive effect on the skin. Here we will discuss how a healthy diet including some very important nutrients, will keep your skin healthy, prevent breakouts and speed the healing process of existing pimples.
Hormones and acne
Simply put, acne is caused from an increase in androgens (male hormones) which increase sebum production causing pores to clog and acne bacteria already in the pores normally, to multiply causing an inflammation. To prevent acne, it would make sense to prevent the increase of hormones and excess sebum production. Research shows that foods high in fat cause stimulation in the hormone production and this hormone increase can be slowed by eating a diet of unprocessed, “clean” foods such as lean meats, fruits, vegetables, nuts and whole grains.
Low Glycemic Diets and Acne
Eating a diet rich in foods that are low on the glycemic index seem to have an impact on acne. These are foods that are low in sugars and do not cause insulin levels to spike, thus causing an increase in androgens. Low glycemic foods include lean meats, vegetables, fish, cheese, eggs, and legumes.
Fiber and Acne
Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are high in fiber which aids the body’s digestive process. A slow or malfunctioning digestive process has been shown to cause a build-up of toxins in the body which ultimately show up in the skin.
Fatty Acids and Acne
Fatty acids are an important part of a healthy diet and can help keep the skin healthy because they help control the production of androgens, the male hormones that can cause an increase in sebum production. Fatty Acids are found in oils and fats that make up certain foods and are considered “good fats” since they aid in cell membrane strength and function and also help the body get rid of excess cholesterol in the arteries. Omega-3, Omega-6, and Omega-9 are the 3 fatty acids that you need daily. Omega-3 can be found in avocados, walnuts, dark green leafy vegetables, salmon, and wheat germ oil, to name a few. Some sources of Omega-6 are olive oil, olives, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, and flaxseeds. Foods rich in Omega-9 are cashews, almonds, sesame oil, pecans, and pistachios.
Vitamins A, B, E, And Zinc and Acne
Zinc and Vitamin A help regenerate the skin and control the sebaceous glands and its secretions. Some foods rich in Vitamin A and Zinc are soybeans, spinach, tomatoes, mangos, and carrots.
Dairy and Acne
There is much debate about whether or not hormones given to cows to increase milk production are harmful to us. We do know, however, that hormones are passed from the cow to the milk and into us and we know that hormones are strongly linked to acne development. Cutting down or eliminating dairy from your diet is a good way to see if you are dairy sensitive and may just be something that will improve your skin. Just make sure you get enough calcium from other sources such as almonds, walnuts, spinach, and kale. The good news is, these foods are also high in other nutrients beneficial for skin health.
Since every skin type and lifestyle is different, you as an individual should observe any correlations between your food habits and acne breakouts. What is not disputed is the fact that unprocessed foods high in vitamins are essential for overall health including the skin.
EKTE IS HERE TO HELP!
Despite not being able to cure acne, we do have effective solutions in place that are customized for those with all different skin types – take the next step and find out your personalized acne treatment regimen so you can start clearing up your skin now!
We can take steps to minimize it or even get rid of it temporarily, but you cannot be “cured” from ever having a outbreak again. Negligent skin care practices, poor lifestyle choices, and hormonal fluctuations may still result in acne breakouts, no matter what skin care product you are using.
When it comes to acne, the best we can do is treat and control acne, and try to prevent it by using a proper acne skin care regimen and making good lifestyle choices.
To schedule an appointment please call (970)674-9556